South Indian Classical Music (Carnatic Music)


This is one of the oldest forms of classical music hailing from India. This is the most systematic & ‘well-defined’ forms of music in the world. The classification & division of the compositions and other similar formats are explained with such detail that anyone who practices this music in this pattern can gain mastery over this music without much difficulty.

There are two main categories in South Indian Classical Music. One is Melody and the other is Rhythm.

Carnatic Classical Melody comprises of Varase s (Sarale Varase, Daatu Varase, Janti Varase & Sthayi Varase), Alankaaras, Geetha s, Lakshana Geetha s, Swara-Jathi s (Jathi-Swara s), Varna s ( Aadi Thaala Varna s, Ata Thaala Varnas & others), Keerthana s, Kriti s, Thillaana s, Devara Naama s, Padam s, Javali s and many more types of compositions.

There are two types of renditions being Vocal & Instrumental. Vocal Music can be presented by either Male or Female Vocalists. The instruments are Veena, Flute, Violin, Naadaswara, Clarionet, Harmonium, Mandolin, Saxophone, Guitar, Key-board and others instruments irrespective of Male or Female Performer.

Carnatic Classical Rhythm comprises of Thaala s, Jaathi s, Nadai s, Korvai s, Mukthaya s, Teermana s, Tha-Di-Gi-Na-Thom s and many other related subjects.

The main instruments rendering this type are Mridanga, Khanjira, Ghata, Morching, Konnakol (Vocal Rendition of Percussion Syllables), Thavil (Dholu), Dholak, Dholki, Chanda (Chande), Maddala (Maddale), Idukka and others.

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