South Indian Classical Music (Carnatic Music)
There are two main categories in South Indian Classical Music. One is Melody and the other is Rhythm.
Carnatic Classical Melody comprises of Varase s (Sarale Varase, Daatu Varase, Janti Varase & Sthayi Varase), Alankaaras, Geetha s, Lakshana Geetha s, Swara-Jathi s (Jathi-Swara s), Varna s ( Aadi Thaala Varna s, Ata Thaala Varnas & others), Keerthana s, Kriti s, Thillaana s, Devara Naama s, Padam s, Javali s and many more types of compositions.
There are two types of renditions being Vocal & Instrumental. Vocal Music can be presented by either Male or Female Vocalists. The instruments are Veena, Flute, Violin, Naadaswara, Clarionet, Harmonium, Mandolin, Saxophone, Guitar, Key-board and others instruments irrespective of Male or Female Performer.
Carnatic Classical Rhythm comprises of Thaala s, Jaathi s, Nadai s, Korvai s, Mukthaya s, Teermana s, Tha-Di-Gi-Na-Thom s and many other related subjects.
The main instruments rendering this type are Mridanga, Khanjira, Ghata, Morching, Konnakol (Vocal Rendition of Percussion Syllables), Thavil (Dholu), Dholak, Dholki, Chanda (Chande), Maddala (Maddale), Idukka and others.